Predicting transmission blocking potential of anti-malarial compounds in the Mosquito Feeding Assay using Plasmodium falciparum Male Gamete Inhibition Assay

17 May 2018

Gonzalo Colmenarejo, Sonia Lozano, Carolina González-Cortés, David Calvo, Juliana Sanchez-Garcia, Jesús-Luís Presa Matilla, Didier Leroy & Janneth Rodrigues

Scientific Reports

doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26125-w

Abstract

Plasmodium falciparum Standard Membrane Feeding Assay (PfSMFA) is the current gold standard mosquito based confirmatory transmission blocking (TrB) assay for human malaria. However, owing to its complexity only selected gametocytocidal molecules are progressed into SMFA. Predictive tools for evaluation of TrB behavior of compounds in SMFA would be extremely beneficial, but lack of substantially large data sets from many mosquito feeds preempts the ability to perform correlations between outcomes from in vitro assays and SMFA.

Here, a total of 44 different anti-malarial compounds were screened for inhibitory effect on male gamete formation in exflagellation inhibition assay (EIA) and the same drug-treated parasites were fed to mosquitoes in SMFA. Regression analysis was performed between outcomes of the two assays and regression models were applied to a randomly selected validation set of four compounds indicating no overfitting and good predictive power. In addition, the pIC50 for 11 different compounds obtained in the EIA was also correlated with pIC50’s in SMFA. Resulting regression models provided pIC50 predictions in SMFA with reasonably good accuracy thereby demonstrating the use of a simple in vitro assay to predict TrB of molecules in a complex mosquito based assay.

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