Discovery of Potent and Fast-Acting Antimalarial Bis-1,2,4-triazines

08 Apr 2021

Priebbenow DL, Mathiew M, Shi DH, Harjani JR, Beveridge JG, Chavchich M, Edstein MD, Duffy S, Avery VM, Jacobs RT, Brand S, Shackleford DM, Wang W, Zhong L, Lee G, Tay E, Barker H, Crighton E, White KL, Charman SA, De Paoli A, Creek DJ, Baell JB

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
PMID: 33759519

Doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c00044

Photo: BrianAJackson/iStock

Novel 3,3'-disubstituted-5,5'-bi(1,2,4-triazine) compounds with potent activity against parasites were recently discovered. To improve the pharmacokinetic properties of the triazine derivatives, a new structure-activity relationship (SAR) investigation was initiated with a focus on enhancing the metabolic stability of lead compounds. These efforts led to the identification of second-generation highly potent antimalarial bis-triazines, exemplified by triazine , which exhibited significantly improved metabolic stability (8 and 42 μL/min/mg protein in human and mouse liver microsomes). The disubstituted triazine dimer was also observed to suppress parasitemia in the Peters 4-day test with a mean ED value of 1.85 mg/kg/day and exhibited a fast-killing profile, revealing a new class of orally available antimalarial compounds of considerable interest.

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