Malaria facts & figures

Each year, the World Health Organization's World Malaria Report assesses global and regional malaria trends, highlights progress towards global targets, and describes opportunities and challenges in controlling and eliminating the disease. Below are some of the highlights from the most recent report.

  • Malaria can kill within 24 hours of symptom onset.1
  • In 2017, an estimated 219 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide, with 90% of these cases occurring in the WHO Africa Region.2
  • In 2017, there were an estimated 435,000 malaria deaths worldwide. Children aged under 5 years are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria. In 2017, they accounted for 61% of all malaria deaths worldwide.2
  • Nearly 80% of global malaria deaths in 2017 were concentrated in 17 countries in the WHO African Region and India; 7 of these countries accounted for 53% of all global malaria deaths: Nigeria (19%), Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Burkina Faso (6%), United Republic of Tanzania (5%), Sierra Leone (4%), Niger (4%) and India (4%).2

1. World Health Organization - malaria fact sheets

2. 2018 World Malaria Report