Malaria facts & figures

Each year, the World Health Organization's World Malaria Report assesses global and regional malaria trends, highlights progress towards global targets, and describes opportunities and challenges in controlling and eliminating the disease. Below are some of the highlights from the most recent report.

  • Malaria can kill within 24 hours of symptom onset.1
  • In 2019, an estimated 229 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide, with 94% of these cases occurring in the WHO Africa Region.2
  • In 2019, there were an estimated 409,000 malaria deaths worldwide. Children aged under 5 years are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria. In 2019, they accounted for 67% of all malaria deaths worldwide.2
  • About 95% of global malaria deaths in 2019 were concentrated in 31 countries. Nigeria (23%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), the United Republic of Tanzania (5%), Mozambique (4%), Niger (4%) and Burkina Faso (4%) accounted for about 51% of all malaria deaths globally in 2019.2

1. World Health Organization - malaria fact sheets

2. 2020 World Malaria Report