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  • Anopheles

    a genus of mosquito, some species of which can transmit human malaria.1

  • Apicoplast

    An organelle that is present in malaria parasites and is thought to be a relic of the chloroplast. It contains DNA which codes for ~30 plant-like proteins and bacteria-like ribosomes. A further 500 nuclear-encoded proteins of unknown phylogenetic origin are predicted to be targeted to this organelle. 7

  • Artemisinin

    a drug used against malaria, derived from the Qinghao plant Artemisia annua.1

  • Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT)

    A treatment regimen for malaria, usually comprising two medicines, one of which is artemisinin or one of its derivatives. ACTs come in two varieties: co-packaged or the preferred co-formulated. 7

  • Assay

    a procedure for measuring the biological or immunological activity of (a sample).4