Glossary

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  • Anopheles

    a genus of mosquito, some species of which can transmit human malaria.1

  • Apicoplast

    An organelle that is present in malaria parasites and is thought to be a relic of the chloroplast. It contains DNA which codes for ~30 plant-like proteins and bacteria-like ribosomes. A further 500 nuclear-encoded proteins of unknown phylogenetic origin are predicted to be targeted to this organelle. 7

  • Artemisinin

    a drug used against malaria, derived from the Qinghao plant Artemisia annua.1

  • Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT)

    A treatment regimen for malaria, usually comprising two medicines, one of which is artemisinin or one of its derivatives. ACTs come in two varieties: co-packaged or the preferred co-formulated. 7

  • Assay

    a procedure for measuring the biological or immunological activity of (a sample).4

 


References

  1. Center for Disease Control and Prevention glossary

  2. Merriam Webster’s Medical Dictionary, 1995

  3. Kettler, H. and A. Towse. 2002. Public Private Partnerships for Research and Development: Medicines and Vaccines for Diseases of Poverty. London: Office of Health Economics, Appendix 5.

  4. The New Oxford Dictionary of English, 1998.

  5. Center for Disease Control and Prevention glossary, National Library of Medicine, USA

  6. Greenwood, B.M. "Control to elimination: implications for malaria research," Trends in Parasitology 24, Issue 10 (2008): 449-454.

  7. Wells, T.N.C., Alonso P.L., Gutteridge, W.E. "New medicines to improve control and contribute to the eradication of malaria," Nature Reviews Drug Discovery November 2009 Volume 8, Number 11, pp 879-891